Gold Dominion

Making cider is a consistent and challenging exercise of patience. As juice transforms into cider through fermentation, cider steps into the next stage of transformation during maturation. Some apples want to be served when they are young, their peak expression reached shortly after fermentation. However, the majority of cider apples are still too young after fermentation, with their flavors scattered and aromas switching week after week and the cider itself still recovering from fermentation. Not given the time it needs to develop, the cider will never have the opportunity to reach its peak expression.

Every couple of weeks we sample the tanks, monitoring the development of each cider and attempting to predict where it will go. During each week that passes, we see aromas becoming more pronounced, flavors and notes focusing themselves, and complexities creating layers to unfold. We age our ciders on their lees (sur lie), allowing dormant and dead yeast cells and apple gunk to settle over a period of time. Every so often we stir the lees into the cider, allowing the inhabitants of this invisible world to intermingle with each other. The lees settle again and we repeat the process as many times as needed. Each apple and cider demands patience and needs time to find itself again, to be strong enough to pronounce the characteristics we expect.

The second batch of Gold Dominion was intentionally forgotten, pushed to the side and allowed to mature beyond any cider we’ve ever released. York and Gold Rush were individually fermented with a champagne yeast. York matured on its lees for 17.5 months and Gold Rush matured on its lees for 10.5 months, both without any sulfite additions post-fermentation. Right before carbonation, the two single varietals were blended without any filtration. Gold Dominion has crazy tropical notes, bright tartness in the middle, and a dry farmhouse note on the finish.

The long-term maturation of cider allows for a heavy concentration of the essence of what these apples are known to be. Right after fermentation we smelled the typical fruity notes we get from these apples, but aging the cider for a long period of time allowed those same notes to intensify. With Gold Rush we ended up getting tons of fresh tropical notes and York gave us the most intense pineapple aroma we’ve ever smelled.

Allowing these two ciders to mature for a longer period of time was an experiment with an unknown outcome. Would it spoil? Would it reach its peak profile and quickly degrade from there? Or would it turn into a unique expression of York and Gold Rush that we haven’t seen before? After sampling Gold Dominion over and over again, I am proud of what these two single varietals were able to develop during their extended maturation. Experiments are always followed by new experiments and a never-ending succession of questions. As long as we continue to pursue our curiosity, we will continue learning about the apples we use while finding new ways to harness their unique characteristics.

-Manuel Garcia



Hops & Cider: A Perfect Pair

Celebrating Growth in Virginia’s Hopped Cider Family

Four years ago, Blue Bee Cider became the first Virginia cidery to make a hopped cider. A style long popular on the West Coast, it was unfamiliar to our shores and took some regulatory tangoing to accomplish. Thankfully, all was eventually settled and our Hopsap Shandy was introduced to the world in November of 2013.

Hopsap Shandy with Hops

In its first iteration, Hopsap Shandy was a Winesap-York cider infused with whole-cone Cascade hops. The following year, the process remained the same, but whole-cone Citra hops were added along with Cascade. By the third year, we transitioned to a blend of whole-cone Cascade, Chinook, and Columbus hops, a combination still used in our current vintage.

While at first it was met with speculation by some and excitement by others, Hopsap Shandy became the gateway both stylistically and legally for other Virginia cideries to begin creating their own hopped ciders. Today there are 12 cideries (and counting!) in the state with hopped styles on the market, some offering several varieties.

On Saturday, April 29, Blue Bee Cider will host the inaugural Virginia Hopped Cider Festival to celebrate this growing cider style, providing the chance to learn more about the Virginia hop industry and sample the wide array of flavors and aromas possible from pairing apples and hops. The festival will be held at Blue Bee Cider’s Summit Stables complex at 1320 Summit Avenue in Richmond from 1:00 to 9:00 pm.

Blue Bee Cider - 2017 Hopped Cider Festival

In addition to our classic Hopsap Shandy, Blue Bee Cider will feature a version that has been aged in the small American oak barrels we use for our Harvest Ration brandy, as well as a new version using Motueka hops and Saison yeast.

motueka hops

Motueka hop pellets ready for infusing into Blue Bee Cider’s hopped Saison cider.  (Photo: Manuel Garcia)

Alongside these offerings, the festival will feature hopped ciders from Blue Toad Hard Cider, Bold Rock Hard Cider, Buskey Cider, Corcoran Hard Cider, Courthouse Creek Cider, Coyote Hole Ciderworks, Kindred Pointe, Potter’s Craft Cider, and Wild Hare Hard Cider. Several of the cideries will be present to talk with guests and sell merchandise and bottles.

The ciders will be available to taste in three flights or all ciders can be experienced in a side-by-side guided Grand Tasting workshop from 1:30 to 2:30 pm or 3:00 to 4:00 pm. While festival entrance is free, flights and workshops are ticketed. Tickets are available for purchase in advance and at the festival.

A sample flight featured on the Virginia Wine Chat preview podcast in March. (Photo: Nicole Martorana)

A sample flight featured on Virginia Wine Chat’s festival preview podcast.  (Photo: Nicole Martorana)

And as many of you may know, we at Blue Bee Cider love to eat, so there will be no shortage of foods to accompany your cider selections. Camden’s Dogtown Market, our former Manchester neighbor and the kitchen behind our “breads & spreads” program at Summit Stables, will be smoking barbecue on site and Continental Divide will be serving up a selection of tacos. We’ve also teamed up with Nightingale Ice Cream Sandwiches to create an exclusive Cascade hop-infused ice cream sandwich especially for the festival, so come early to get your hands on this sweet treat!

Nightingale Hopped Ice Cream Sandwich.   (Photo: Nicole Martorana)

Nightingale Hopped Ice Cream Sandwich. (Photo: Nicole Martorana)

Local arts vendor Newtowne Goons will be in our courtyard selling prints of their “Anatomy of a Hop” design, among others, and our Scott’s Addition neighbor Studio Two Three will be selling t-shirts with our official Festival design and live-printing tote bags from 3:00 to 6:00 pm.

Studio Two Three live printing at Blue Bee Cider's Grand Opening at Summit Stables in October 2016. (Photo: Charles J. Williams)

Studio Two Three live printing at Blue Bee Cider’s Grand Opening at Summit Stables in October 2016. (Photo: Charles J. Williams)

Setting the soundtrack for the day will be live music by Scattered Smothered & Covered from 2:00 to 4:00 pm and Moossa from 5:00 to 8:00 pm.

Photos from the bands' Facebook pages.

From the bands’ Facebook pages.

The festivities will continue Sunday, April 30 with the Virginia Hopped Cider Industry Workshop from 2:00 to 3:30 pm. Held in partnership with the Old Dominion Hops Cooperative and the Virginia State University Hop Program, the workshop will feature talks about the current Virginia hop industry, growing practices, and research. After you’ve filled up on knowledge, you’ll be led through a guided tasting of five hopped ciders created exclusively for the workshop by Blue Bee Cider’s cellar team. Tickets are available here.

Whether hopped cider is new to you or your go-to beverage of choice, the festival is sure to provide an array of options to challenge and delight your palate. Come explore with us, bring your friends, and enjoy all that this growing style has to offer!

-Nicole Martorana

Ode to the Bee, Blue and Otherwise

Bees were, in a sense, my entry point into becoming a part of Blue Bee Cider. During my master’s program, I observed both traditional and modern forms of beekeeping across different cultures, including visiting apiaries in Calabria, Italy and Texel Island, Holland and attending courses taught by beekeepers from Venice, Italy and Bulgaria. In these circles of whole food and slow living, the bee is lauded, regal even. Happily, bees are understood in our culture for their essential importance to pollinate the majority of our foodstuffs. Documentaries like “Queen of the Sun” and “More Than Honey” are gaining ground and helping to bring the bee further into the American public eye.

The connection between bees and beverage goes back quite some time and, according to Kenneth F. Kiple, may even be the origin source of modern beekeeping. In his book, A Movable Feast: Ten Millennia of Food Globalization, Kiple writes, “A taste for alcohol was doubtless also a reason for honeybee domestication. These natives of the Mediterranean region and the Middle East were making honey for millions of years before human hunter-gatherers were around to steal it from them. […] Mead, which can be as simple as fermented honey and water, was almost assuredly humankind’s first alcoholic beverage.”

However, all of these experiences and discussions have been focused around the honey bee and honey production. It wasn’t until I arrived at Blue Bee Cider that I started giving more thought to that other purpose of bees – pollination – and learning about those species that, while not producing honey as an edible food source, are just as important.

The Bee & the Apple Tree

Blue Bee Cider was named after the Orchard Mason or Blue Orchard Bee, known in scientific circles as Osmia lignaria.  (Check out some photos here.) This solitary, wild bee is native to North America (one of 4000 native species, in fact) and is crucial for pollinating early blooming fruit trees throughout the U.S. and Canada. Though originating in the Pacific Northwest, the blue orchard mason bee can be found across the continent and its eastern subspecies (Osmia lignaria lignaria Say) is particularly important for helping our Virginia apple trees thrive.

While honeybees have some part in supporting pollination of fruit trees, the blue bee has been found to be up to 70% more effective, which has led to it becoming the most managed solitary bee. (Learn more about managing blue bees here.) This efficiency is due to the way that blue orchard bees collect pollen – it sticks to the hairs on the underside of their bellies and is more easily transferred to flowers’ stamen in its dry form than the sticky nectar and pollen balls created by honeybees. Blue bees also show a natural preference for foraging among mid-sized fruit trees, making them the perfect choice for pollinating orchards.

Much research is being done, particularly in light of the widespread impacts of colony collapse, into how native pollinators like the blue bee can help supplement the work of honeybees and take some of the stress off at-risk species. Each female blue bee is a queen that looks after her own small brood rather than hiving in a community structure like honeybees with a queen and worker bees. This solitary characteristic, and the blue bees’ nature to build nests in small holes in wood, reeds, straw, or similar material, means they are not subject to colony collapse like their hive-minded relatives.

Once they’ve found the appropriate location for their nest, the female blue bee will take sticky nectar, mix it with pollen, and lay her egg on top of this concoction at the back of the hole or tube. She then collects mud and uses it to create a partition, repeating the process until she reaches the front opening, thus having formed a series of cells. In early spring, males emerge first and wait for the females in order to mate, an occurrence that usually takes place around the time of blooming for redbuds, one of the blue bees’ favorites to pollinate and a crucial tree for attracting and keeping blue bees in a particular area.  

In On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen, food chemistry expert Harold McGee reports that, “It appears from the fossil record that bees have been around for some 50 million years, their social organization for half that time.” With some luck, cultivation, and education, they’ll be around for much longer.

-Nicole Martorana

Watercolor by Val Littlewood of

USDA Forest Service:
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences “Featured Creatures”:
Virginia State University Department of Agriculture:


2017 Good Food Awards Remarks

Full text of Courtney Mailey’s acceptance remarks at the Good Food Awards in San Francisco, Jan. 20, 2017.

Thank you for honoring our little company with this award tonight. It is one that we share with our Virginia Grown partners Silver Creek Orchards, Seaman’s Orchards, Henley’s Orchard, and Coote’s Store Farms, as well as with our distilling partner Catoctin Creek Distilling Company. I want to especially mention John and Ruth Saunders of Silver Creek Orchards, who were the first to enthusiastically embrace growing cider fruit that only cidermakers, not grocery stores, would buy.

Like many people, the financial crisis was a turning point for me. I used to work at the Federal Reserve and part of my work was interacting with home owners and housing counselors on the front lines of the foreclosure crisis. It was not fun.

So at a certain point I was ready to say, “Enough. I am going to cider school.” And that is what I did. Afterwards, I apprenticed with a nearby cidery, Albemarle CiderWorks. It was an hour and half drive both ways. On the way there I would think about what I was going to learn that day and on the way back thought through the details about building this business.

About six months in, it was time to start getting serious and making decisions. I asked my husband how he felt about me taking this risk and his response was, “Fine. But I am not leaving the City.” Most cideries are near the raw materials, the fruit.  He wanted me to figure it out how to be near the customers and so from this conversation Virginia’s first urban farm cidery was born.

I drew on my previous career in economic development to make a viable urban farm cidery, one where the apple country and the city could win together by creating jobs and high-quality cider that would highlight the best of both worlds. In apple country, we work with growers to revive prized heirloom variety apples that have been out of use for generations but are well-acclimated to Virginia. These apple varieties don’t need lot of extra fuss in terms of sprays and such. As we learn about how to integrate them into blocks with modern apples with similar growing patterns, more and more acres are being planted. These apples have higher marginal returns and attract positive attention to the growers.

In the City, we turn the apples into cider and sell it to a primarily urban audience. We also grow apples in the city and try to teach others how to work with hearty heirloom varieties that require less ongoing management. We partner with nonprofits and the park system to raise awareness about tree fruit growing in key neighborhoods where it was once common a hundred years ago; neighborhoods that may have fallen on hard times but are poised for a renaissance of their own.

While Blue Bee Cider is still a work in progress, each day we are little bit closer to: making cider of the highest quality from local fruit, raising awareness about prized heirloom varieties with local origins, building pride in that agricultural legacy, spreading skills for fruit growing among urban households, and creating economic opportunity through skilled job creation tied to traditional cidermaking.

Thank you for this honor and thanks to our customers whose support has enabled me to change my life.


There are worlds within worlds and slight variations that create new worlds. Ideas are often built on an established foundation, from questions, foggy daydreams, phrases, or arise from the ether in a split second before they disappear again. Once an idea is entertained, it becomes a guidepost simultaneously reminding you of your beginnings and allowing you to explore distant lands. All one needs is a willingness to take risks and a patience to allow the land to reveal itself.

Twice a year we freeze, thaw, and extract the concentrate of Gold Rush and Winesap juice in order to create the bases for our dessert ciders. We collect the gallons we need for each product and the remaining frozen juice reaches the end of its lifespan. Three years ago I continued to thaw the frozen juice and collected as much concentrate as possible. There cannot be any waste with what we do, everything can be repurposed, reused, or simply function as inspiration through small batch experiments. Hierophant stems from an exploration of questions and the uncertainty of experimentation.

What happens if you mature a cider on its lees for an extended period of time? Are there certain apples that produce ciders that can be cellared indefinitely, only improving with age? What would ice ciders taste like if they were fermented to dry? Can there be a cider that is as bold and aggressive as some red wines?

Concentrate is the essence of the apple once you diminish what constitutes the majority of its makeup – water. Once you reduce the water, you begin to see with a clearer focus the three main components of an apple – sugar, acid, and tannins. Tasting concentrate is tasting a drop removed from the sea of juice, producing intense flavors and aromas, an overwhelming sense of what the apple truly is.

An ancient priest known for interpreting sacred mysteries and the divine, Hierophant showcases the tannic essence of Winesap and the lifting acidity of Gold Rush. At the beginning of the year we scaled up the initial small batch experiment. The process from the first batch was recreated, both apples fermented to dry with a champagne yeast (10% ABV and 0.1% residual sugar). The cider matured on its lees (settled yeast, apple gunk, etc) for over ten months. Each month we stirred the lees back into suspension, allowing it to settle again and again.

The cider is still, dry and tannic like you wouldn’t believe. It is rich and full-bodied, filled with tropical notes from Gold Rush to offset the complex tannins from Winesap. Served at room temperature, the cider showcases its bolder, tannic tendencies. Served chilled, Hierophant’s intense characteristics are softened. Each temperature offers a unique drinking experience. In order to allow the complexity to unfold, we recommend serving Hierophant chilled and allowing it to warm up over a period of time. Hierophant unveils the mysteries of these apples and presents their primal characteristics in a complex cider.

-Manuel Garcia

Weddings and Events at Summit Stables

Since opening our newly rehabilitated cidery in Scott’s Addition, we have had many requests to host private events, meetings and wedding celebrations. Beginning in 2017, Blue Bee Cider will begin taking reservations for its cider salon, cider garden and patio, and large hayloft. Here are some answers to the most frequently asked questions (to date):

How large of a group can you accommodate?

Our venue is rated for up to 150 people. A group this large requires a complete buyout of the venue. The capacity of the three individual spaces each max out at about 50 people depending on the event format (seated dinner v. cocktail party, etc.)

Can we bring in outside catering?

Yes. We do not have a commercial kitchen on site. If you want food at your event (who doesn’t?!), outside catering is required. We do not have a preferred catering list, but we do have a preferred food truck list.

Can we bring in outside beer, wine or spirits?

Outside alcohol may be brought onto the premises with the appropriate ABC license, obtained by you or your caterer.

What does it cost?

Pricing varies widely depending on the time of year, day of the week, and the time of day. Peak tasting room guest hours are the most expensive. For general price ranges look here.

What is included in the price?

Unless otherwise specified, reservation quotes include: all alcohol served at the event, dedicated staffing to pour cider, an event coordinator, 18% gratuity, and the room reservation fee for a standard block of four hours including setup and breakdown time. Additional time can be added.

Can we hang decorations?

Decorations that do not impact the historic fabric of our venue are permitted. A 10% deposit is collected when the reservation is finalized and will be returned if there is no permanent damage to the property.

Can we use your furniture?

Sometimes. For some events our standard bistro furniture is not appropriate. We can share a list of preferred vendors for furniture and décor rentals upon request.

Do you offer no-cost reservations?

Yes. Nonprofits and very small groups may reserve space during non-peak hours and/or for nonexclusive use of a space. There may still be a returnable reservation deposit required depending on the scope of the event.

How do we get started?

Contact us at!

Photo: Paige Stevens Photography

The Official Blue Bee Gifting Guide

‘Tis the season for gift-giving!

Can’t decide what to get for your special someone? Here at Blue Bee Cider, we offer a variety of options for everyone on your list. Here’s a breakdown:


With gift cards, you’re gifting a unique experience to your loved ones! While our cider itself is delicious, a visit to the cidery is definitely worth the trip. Our historically-preserved cobblestone stables make for a unique date spot, a post-brunch stop, or a new reason to venture into the city.

One thing to consider: If the recipient hasn’t had Blue Bee Cider before, they may be wary to venture to Scott’s Addition unprompted. We suggest including a bottle of your favorite Blue Bee cider to give them something to look forward to when they visit.

You can order gift cards for any amount over $10 over the phone by calling our tasting room at (804)-231-0280.


Do you want to gift some bottles to your loved ones, but don’t have the time to make the trip to the tasting room? Don’t fret! You can order bottles to be delivered to your loved ones’ door from the comfort of your home by visiting our online store or ordering over the phone at (804)-231-0280.

If  your gift purchase exceeds $100, we offer free hand-delivery within the Richmond area. We also ship to CA, FL, MD, NC, TX, VA, & DC via Fedex. Please submit out of state orders on or before Dec. 19.

Click here to visit our Online Storefront

For every bottle purchased this holiday season, $1 will be donated toward tree stewardship programs in Richmond City parks.


If you want your gift recipient to enjoy a variety of Blue Bee’s selections, but don’t know which to choose, we offer sampler packs! These contain four pre-selected 500mL bottles of our most popular ciders, a great gift for anyone who loves trying new things.

Sampler packs are available in-store only.


If you’re looking for the perfect gift for a die-hard cider connoisseur, then a Cider Club membership is a must-have! The Blue Bee Cider Club is dedicated to cider fans, by cider fans. Some of the club’s perks include quarterly bottle shipments, special small batch tasting events, and bulk discounts.  For more information, click here.

One thing to consider: club membership dues recur on a quarterly basis. If you are purchasing this as a gift for someone else, you are committing to those regular payments unless you designate a transfer of payment to the recipient. Also, be sure that we have the correct email address for you AND the recipient for better communication about ongoing club perks.

With the holidays just around the corner, we here at Blue Bee Cider are thrilled to help you make this season even more special.

Happy Holidays,
– The Tasting Room Team


The More the Merrier

Neighborhoods rise and collapse, sometimes disintegrating into the very ground they once thrived on. Decades and decades pass before someone sees potential in skeletal structures, abandoned buildings and overgrown lots. Eventually a neighborhood develops a character, becomes known as something to the locals and in time becomes known to places far away.

Scott’s Addition is a neighborhood of local businesses, of long-time family-owned companies and of new entrepreneurs that took a gamble on potential they saw here. Over a relatively short time, the neighborhood has become a hub of craft alcohol production in Richmond. It is made of a diverse group of producers creating quality beverages and customers that want to experience that rich diversity firsthand. Blue Bee Cider is preparing to move into an established neighborhood, one that is already frequented by our team members in order to enjoy the creativity, knowledge, and labor of our peers.

The grand opening of Blue Bee Cider at Summit Stables in Scott’s Addition is a celebration of our new home and the many hands it took to build Blue Bee Cider into what it is today. We want to celebrate Scott’s Addition as a neighborhood, encourage customers to wander through Scott’s Addition and explore what everyone has to offer. In the spirit of unity and mutual respect, we have collaborated with six alcohol producers from the Scott’s Addition Historic District for special products to be released at our grand opening. They are being released every hour on the hour in the following order:

  1. 1.  Ardent Craft Ales made “Smokin’ Mower”, a session blonde ale fermented with smoked Winesap and Stayman juice. Cellar team brought a bin of apples to Ardent and smoked them whole in ZZQ’s smoker with help from ZZQ and the Ardent team. We also fermented the smoked juice with a champagne yeast to dry and created the 2nd batch in two years of our smoked cider.
  2. 2.  Black Heath Meadery made “Scott’s Edition”, a cyser fermented with Gold Rush juice and Virginia wildflower honey, with a generous addition of Bosc pear juice and Black Mission figs.
  3. 3.  The Veil Brewing Co, made “Boi Friendz”, a barrel-fermented Brett IPA with Mosaic and Citra hops fermented with 30% unpasteurized Gold Rush juice. One of the barrels previously held the Veil’s Jeune (single barrel spontaneously fermented ale) and the other was a first use Virginia red wine barrel.
  4. 4.  Isley Brewing Co, made “Apple Brown Betty”, the return of our 2014 collaboration – an English brown ale fermented with Grimes Golden juice.
  5. 5.  Reservoir Distillery provided one of their recently emptied barrels and helped us decide on what unique offering to age and which one of their barrels to use (rye, wheat, or bourbon). We chose our Harvest Ration (dessert cider fortified with brandy) in their rye whiskey barrel for over four months.
  6. 6.  Three Notch’d Brewing Co.‘s RVA Collab House made “Farm to Stable”, a gose fermented with Gold Rush juice. The collaboration combines the tropical notes and high acidity from Gold Rush apples with a tart and salty gose base.

Note: We’re also excited for Buskey Cider and Väsen Brewing Co. to be our neighbors. Väsen is still under construction and Buskey’s schedule was tight, so we will look for opportunities to collaborate with both of them in the future.

All producers of alcohol have fermentation in common, something that immediately allows us to connect with other. We lose our minds when talking about yeast and the magic of fermentation, we discuss the patience it takes to get something just right, we share our excitement with each other about new products, new processes, and that new yeast strain we’ve just discovered. We also vent to each other, talk about sanitation, long hours, and frustrations when experimentation brings obstacles. We let each other borrow valves and gaskets; we help and learn from each other, inspired by each other’s work.

We’re humbled that each neighbor took the time to collaborate with us. Being welcomed to a neighborhood filled with peers you admire is overwhelming in the best of ways, not to mention the generosity and warmth we’ve received. We hope everyone that visits Summit Stables for our grand opening takes time to visit our new neighbors and experience what Scott’s Addition has to offer.

-Manuel Garcia